UAE had decided to send a lander to regions of Moon still unexplored by humans. The Emirates Lunar Mission would be the primary within the Arab world and fourth within the world. Plans are to send an unmanned spacecraft to the moon in 2024, as a part of an attempt to take a position in technology and diversify its economy faraway from oil. Space technology may be a component of the sheikhdom’s decide to reduce its dependence on oil, which has fallen in price this year partially thanks to a slump in demand amid the coronavirus pandemic. it’ll be built indigenously within the UAE by Emirati engineers. “The explorer will, for the primary time, send new lunar data and pictures which can be shared with all local and international research centres”, said Sheikh Mohammed, vice chairman and Ruler of Dubai. UAE is yet to announce which region it’ll be visiting.
The “Rashid” rover is known as after Sheikh Mohammed’s father Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum. The name was given to the lunar explorer ‘Rashid’ in honour of and a tribute to the founding father of Dubai’s renaissance. The Rashid lander will have four cameras that would move horizontally and vertically, along side 3D cameras and microscope and thermal imaging cameras. Engineers decide to build a strong structure in order that the lander’s devices and engines remain protected. The Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre are going to be developing the lander. Its engineering model are going to be finalised by 2021, followed by manufacturing in 2022, the testing introduce 2023 and with a launch planned for 2024. The Gulf nation had already has three earth-observing satellites since 2009. the primary two were inbuilt collaboration with South Korea , while the last one, KhalifaSat, was constructed entirely by Emiratis.
UAE’s Space Ambitions
• The Hope probe is predicted to arrive there on Mars in February.
• The Emirates also had plans to announce subsequent Emirati space mission soon.
• In September of 2019, Maj Hazza Al Mansouri became the primary UAE citizen in space.
• They even have plans over the Mars 2117 programme. it’s a mission that aims to determine a whole city on the Mars by the year 2117.
• The Emirates Lunar Mission may be a pivotal step that paves the thanks to the Mars 2117 strategy. The project will provide answers and knowledge that might define their future course of action
The UAE launched on 20th July, 2020, the Hope Probe during a landmark mission to Mars, the primary within the Arab world. The rocket carrying the probe took faraway from Japan’s Tanegashima Space Center. The Emirates Mars Mission has cost $200 million to the state.
International collaboration and competition for the space
• The us and China have previously landed rovers on the Moon.
• The Soviet Luna programme within the 1960s and 1970s also put landers on the Moon.
• US space agency NASA aims to send the primary woman and next man to the Moon by 2024, eventually establishing a base on the surface.
• A manned space platform in lunar orbit, called Lunar Gateway, is additionally planned.
• The International collaboration in missions to the Moon is now being made possible through the US’ Artemis programme.
• Artemis is a component of a bigger Moon to Mars programme, where astronauts would use the Moon as their base and visit the Mars .
The New Space Race
The Space Race that dominated the age of 1960s and 70s has just returned with renewed vigor and enthusiasm. it’s not just the US and Russia that are dominating this year’s space agenda. Their plans for 2020 include missions to the moon, Mars, and therefore the asteroids. The United Arab Emirates also plans to become an area power in 2020, with its own robot mission to Mars already on the wing. Private firms also are playing an increasingly important role in reducing the value of spaceflight, and this year the primary astronauts are likely to fly board commercial spacecraft. alongside SpaceX, Boeing also has plans to fly astronauts to the space platform in its Starliner spaceship. The space race has just begun and has the potential to succeed in newer heights with each passing year.