UNESCO, BIRTH FOR RESERVE the planet HERITAGE
They began designating important sites round the globe as a part of an attempt to preserve the world’s cultural and natural heritage. the present list of World Heritage Sites includes 1,092 properties as of 2019.
Since 2007 I even have visited 350 World Heritage Sites and have documented each and each visit. for every world heritage site I visit, I attempt to make a purposeful and meaningful visit. I plan to take a minimum of one representative photo of each site.
The sites listed here are within the order that I visited them. within the case where a site I visited becomes a world heritage site after the very fact , its place on the list is decided by when it had been made a world heritage site, not once I visited. this is often so I don’t need to constantly renumber everything, per annum .
Every year the planet heritage convention meets to vote on new sites. There are approximately 20 new World Heritage Sites created per annum , which suggests I even have to go to that a lot of just to stay pace with the creation of latest sites.
Contrary to some internet rumors, sites aren’t owned or controlled by the United Nations or UNESCO. National Parks and other historic sites aren’t owned by UNESCO or the UN. they’re usually owned by the government and a couple of are privately hands. Member states need to apply to possess a site listed and no site are often listed without the approval of the host country. the sole power which UNESCO has is to possess a site delisted as a World Heritage Site, which went on thus far twice in its history.
With reference to the countries related to each site, i’m adopting what UNESCO nomenclature for consistency. If you’ve got a political objection (i.e. Kosovo/Serbia or Israel/Palestine) bring it up to the planet Heritage Committee.
THE ANCIENT TRIANGLE OF DIAMOND OR DIAMOND TRIANGLE, UDAYGIRI. RATNAGIRI AND LALITGIRI, ODISHA, INDIA
BUDDHISM SPREAD IN ODISHA, INDIA
In his famous war on Kalinga in 261 BCE, which is another name of Odisha, emperor Ashoka is believed to possess had his change of heart. it’s this war that made him adopt non-violence and Buddhism. From here on, it became his mission to require Buddhism to the planet . he’s probably the most important force behind the spread of Buddhism from India to the planet . There are Ashoka’s edicts at Dhauli and his pillar too closer to Bhubaneshwar.
Ashoka’s daughter Sanghamitra probably traveled to Sri Lanka |Ceylon|country|state|land”> Sri Lanka from here to Mihintale near Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka. The place still celebrates her arrival.
These three sites of Udaygiri, Ratnagiri, and Mangalgiri are the three viharas or Buddhist monasteries that might are used during the heydays of Buddhism within the region. our favourite traveler Xuan Zang in fact mentions that these monasteries were still working when he visited in 7th CE.
A glimpse of those famous heritage sites captured during our visit. Have a glance at the video for a far better perspective of the heritage value of those sites.
Located on the banks of the Birupa river, which you’ll hardly see now, this is often the most important of three sites. the location was excavated in 1958 then again in 1997 and this led to the invention of Stupas and monastic complex or vihara. the first name of the vihara is Madhavapura Mahavihara. The name Udaygiri comes from the name of Capitol Hill here literally meaning Capitol Hill of the rising sun.
We walked through a walkway surrounded by trees to urge the primary glimpse of some structures. As we stepped closer, life-size images of Buddha and Bodhisattvas greeted us. Finally carved but broken images filled me excitedly . If these were kept outside this monastery, inside should have tons more to ascertain .
Udaygiri monasteries are dated from early CE days to 13th CE. that’s an extended period of activity.
We walked a touch more to succeed in the brick stupa seemingly standing alone. A flight of semi-circular steps led to the bottom of the stupa. It made a picture-perfect frame surrounded by trees. On all sides of the stupa, there are Buddha images in his four lifecycle mudras – Bhumi Sparsh Mudra, Dhyan Mudra, Varda Mudra, and Dharam Chakra Parivartan Mudra.
Devi temple during a cheerful color welcomed us. Beyond it, there have been all ruins. An ornate door jamb with intricate carvings indicated this was a crucial a part of the monastery or is it the part that managed to survive. Inside it, there have been few Buddha images in several states of ruin. there’s a Pradakshina or a circumambulation path going around it, with vaulted windows.
Around it, you’ll see the contours of rooms that might are employed by the monks. The monastery must have existed on multiple levels, as you see the outline of rooms on the primary floor.
Water channels frolic the monastery telling us the well-managed system of storing, using, and directing the water out. A circular structure made me wonder if it had been a well once or if it had been the bottom of a lost stupa.
From the highest of the monastery, you’ll see a series of massive and little stupas. i’m wondering if they always had a flat tabletop or it’s the vestiges of your time that has flattened them. If you’ll stretch your vision and appearance across on the slope of Capitol Hill behind, you’ll see another set of structures – probably another monastery and a couple of more stupas.
Devi temple has three ancient stone Murtis. This and another small temple closer to the stepwell are the sole living bits
STEP WELL MADE WITH STONE
For me, the foremost memorable a part of this monastery is that the stone cut stepwell in an unusual shape. A narrow long nape like steps results in the square well at the top . A board tells you to not step inside with shoes on, but it forgets to inform you anything more about the stone cut stepwell.
here was hardly any water within the well once I visited in mid-January. I could see some niches on the inside walls of the well & they’ll have housed some images.
There are not any guides available at the location , neither is any provision for food or water. A washroom could also be available. you would like to steer a touch from the place you park your vehicle. there’s a guard who also doubles up as a guide.
You need an hour approximately to ascertain the heritage here properly.
It was first discovered in 1906 CE but the excavations happened only in 1958 CE. the location was most active between 5-12th CE, though it remained alive till 16th CE. Historians think it had been an area of Tantric practices supported the metal artifacts retrieved from here. From the clay tablets we all know it had been called – Sri Ratnagiri Mahavihariye Arya Bhikshu Samghashya.
As soon as you reach the highest , the primary thing that you simply notice to your left may be a series of neatly arranged votive stupas. The arrangement is new but the stupas are old, an indicator of wishes fulfilled. From here a mud path that goes right and results in alittle late period (11-12th CE) monastery. there’s nothing much that you simply can see here but it does tell you about the general structure of the monastery.
To the left of the votive stupas, a path results in the most monastery here, which is again surrounded by many votive stupas.
The biggest attraction here may be a monastery that features a lovely carved door in green Chrolite to allow you to in. Sculpture of various deities adorns the wall including one among Yamuna. You enter and step into an outsized open courtyard. Walls all around are lined with Buddha and Boddhisatva images. There are tons of Buddha’s heads, most have their noses broken. There are some broken parts like giant feet that has got to have belonged to an outsized image. you only got to tread on it to understand the relative size.
There is an effort to recreate some images by putting the pieces together but you’ll clearly see that all of them belong to different images.
The main sanctum again features a well-carved door jamb. Inside there’s an enormous Murti of Buddha in Bhumi Sparsh Mudra. it’s more or less intact except that its nose is broken, which indicates that it must have face vandalism at some point in time. Two Dwarpala’s are often seen standing on either side of Buddha.
On one side, there’s a row of 6 shrines with a stunning door within the middle. As of now they’re empty and make an ideal backdrop to require selfies. i’m wondering if they were placed here originally, of that they had idols or they were like mediation caves in Kailasanathar Temple in Kanchipuram.
The third monastery is at the corner, with many stupas big and little .
DHARAM MAHAKALA TEMPLE
A little ahead and A level below the monastery may be a simple but ancient Shiva temple with the standard curvilinear stricture in stone. It seems to be in practice.
RATNAGIRI SITE MUSEUM
Right next to the archaeological site, there’s an ASI museum that displays many excavated artifacts from the location . Between its four galleries, it’s votive stupas and sculptures in stone, bronze, ivory, copper, etc. There are inscriptions in stone & copper and terracotta seals. There are images of Buddha, Bodhisattvas, Aparajita, Avalokiteshwara, Manjushri, Tara, Krishna-Yamar
Also called Naltigiri, it’s located a touch faraway from the opposite two sites. it’s the nest maintained and therefore the smallest of the three. it had been first excavated in 1977 and since then many things have come to light. As per a terracotta seal discovered here, it’s official name is – Sri Chandraditya Vihara Samagra Arya Bhiksu Sangha.
The highpoint of the Lalitgiri site is that the discovery of three relic caskets inside the stupas here. They were kept during a series of boxes one inside the opposite , but finally during a small golden casket.
Lalitgiri is meant to be one among the earliest Buddhist sites in Odisha with evidence suggesting endless activity from 3rd BCE to 10th CE.
you’ve got to climb an extended flight of steps to succeed in the stupa. The view of the encompassing areas with hills within the background is just beautiful from here.
On the stupa, you only see the brick structure on a platform. There are some sculptures scattered around, but it’s difficult to spot them.
Chaityagriha that you simply see here is large and delightful , though you see mostly an overview and rest you’ve got to imagine. This Chaitya Griha is surrounded by four small monasteries. it’s sort of a cozy arrangement of alittle school with votive stupas scattered everywhere.
As you walk on the well laid out pathways, you’ll see the entire Lalitgiri Monastery from a height and from a distance. Usually, you go inside and lose an overall perspective.
Put together, the three sites were a neighborhood of the Pushpagiri University, which is now believed to be at another site referred to as Langudi. Pushpagiri is mentioned within the chronicles of Xuan Zang.
From a tourist’s perspective, Udaygiri, Ratnagiri, and Lalitgiri are popular because the Diamond Triangle of Odisha.
Most people like better to roll in the hay as each day trip from Bhubaneshwar. We did it on our way from Bhubaneshwar to Bhitarkanika park .
Only Ratnagiri has an Odisha tourism hotel to remain that has a restaurant to eat. Other places have limited facilities.
Ticket prices are nominal.
Photography is allowed altogether these places.
Ratnagiri is found on the brink of Udaygiri, so this was the second site we visited. an extended flight of steps takes you on top of Capitol Hill from the window at its base. The Ratnagiri hill is meant to be surrounded by three rivers – Brahamani, Kimiria, and Birupa, but I couldn’t see anyone on the brink of the archaeological site. Having said that close vicinity of the rivers must are the rationale for the monastery to be found out here.