Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Danish counterpart Mette Frederiksen held a virtual meet which marked the establishment of ‘Green Strategic Partnership’ between the 2 countries. This was the second virtual meet by PM Modi with another head of the state within every week . this is often the 4th virtual meet of Indian PM thanks to the pandemic. He has already met the leaders of Australia, the EU, and Sri Lanka . The meet was hailed as opening of a “new chapter within the friendly and cooperative relations between them”. PM Modi highlighted the importance of developing alternatives to the present global supply chain which is heavily hooked in to countries like China. the 2 prime ministers acknowledged the importance of building the ‘Green Strategic Partnership’, under which India and Denmark will cooperate through relevant ministries, institutions and stakeholders. Hitting it off on a private note, PM Modi congratulated Mette Frederiksen on her marriage and invited her family to go to India once the COVID crisis is over. Prime Minister Frederiksen responded by extending a call for participation to PM Modi.
Discussed the Covid-19 pandemic and global matters of interest to each side , including global climate change and green transition and reached a standard understanding.” Denmark has even proposed to host the second ‘Knowledge Summit’ and if situation normalises, PM Modi is probably going to go to the country for the summit. The joint statement released after the meet reads, “The richness of the connection between India and Denmark may be a results of the long standing people-to-people contacts and that they agreed to further promote greater awareness and mutual affection between the peoples of the 2 countries through cultural cooperation.”
On the difficulty of ‘Green Strategic Partnership’
The Green Strategic Partnership may be a interdependent arrangement to advance political cooperation, expand economic relations and green growth, create jobs and strengthen cooperation on addressing global challenges and opportunities; with specialise in an ambitious implementation of the Paris Agreement and therefore the UN Sustainable Development Goals
On the difficulty of ‘climate change and environment’
The two Prime Ministers confirmed their close partnership in addressing global challenges and solutions on green energy transition and global climate change . India and Denmark agreed to be at the forefront within the global fight against global climate change . the 2 countries agreed to carry regular consultations and dialogue on global climate change and renewable energy at various levels. the 2 Prime Ministers expressed their joint wish to reinforce cooperation within the specific areas of water system , water distribution, wastewater treatment, sewerage systems, re-use of treated wastewater, water management and energy optimization within the water sector through the Indo-Danish Water Technology Alliance. each side also agreed to strengthen existing City-to-City cooperation between Udaipur in India and Aarhus and Tumakuru and Aalborg in Denmark
On the difficulty of ‘multilateral cooperation’
The two Prime Ministers agreed to hitch efforts and initiatives to support and promote a rule-based multilateral system. This includes strong multilateral cooperation to face the urgency to intensify global efforts to combat the worldwide challenges on energy and global climate change and customary commitment to the International Energy Agency, the International Renewable Energy Agency and therefore the International Solar Alliance. They supported the necessity for cooperation on promotion of an open, inclusive and rule-based multilateral trading system under the WTO. They also agreed to press for reform within the present structure of WTO. each side agreed that the reforms got to be inclusive and to be administered during a transparent manner, high priority given to the restoration of a full strength Appellate Body as a part of the two-tiered Dispute Settlement System of the WTO. each side also expressed their willingness for collaboration within the framework of the Arctic Council within the area of global climate change .
On the difficulty of ‘single-source dependence’
“The pandemic showed the danger involved in excessive dependence of the worldwide supply chain on any single source,” Modi said without naming any country or source, in a clear regard to China. The prime minister said India is functioning with Australia and Japan to diversify the availability chain, noting that like-minded countries are welcome to hitch the initiative. Prime Minister also highlighted the government’s ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’ (self-reliant India) initiative also as various reform measures within the areas of agriculture, taxation and labour market. India has been seeking to draw in businesses looking to relocate from China within the aftermath of the Coronavirus outbreak. the govt has already lowered taxes on companies to among rock bottom in Asia, seeking to draw in new investments. The statement comes at a time when the country is engaged during a military standoff with China along the road of Actual Control in eastern Ladakh.
A review of India-Denmark Relations After Independence in 1947, the Indian prime minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s visit to Denmark in 1957 laid the inspiration for a friendship between India and Denmark. Since then, there are periodic high level visits between the 2 countries. But between July 2010-2016, India’s relations with Denmark were suffering from the extradition of Kim Davy issue and there was minimal official contact between the 2 sides which adversely affected trade and economic relations and cooperation in multilateral forums. After an understanding over a process of transferring Davy to a detention “guest house” in West Bengal which the Indian government would identify and would be inspected and cleared by the Danish security and legal systems before Davy are often lodged there. the method has already started, opening up the diplomatic and political ties between New Delhi and Copenhagen. The core of the new relationship is on the problems like global climate change , energy and water. consistent with official figures, bilateral trade goods and services between India and Denmark grew by 30.49 percent between 2016 and 2019 because the trade volume rose from US $2.82 billion to US $3.68 billion. Around 200 Danish companies have invested in India and nearly 5,000 Indian professionals are working in major Danish companies, while 20 Indian IT companies are operating in Denmark for many years . The close economic cooperation between the nations tells us about the closeness within the ties between the 2 countries which may be referred as ‘ever-green’.