It was launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on 15 July 2015, SKILL INDIA MISSION aims to coach over 40 crore people in India in several skills by 2022. The mission aims at vocational education and certification of Indian youth for a far better livelihood and respect within the society.
Skill India or the National Skills Development Mission of India may be a campaign launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. it’s managed by the National Skills Development Corporation of India. Skill India Mission may be a government scheme launched in 2015. it’s an umbrella scheme that has many skilling schemes and programmes thereunder . The chief objective is to empower the youth of the country with adequate skill sets which will enable their employment in relevant sectors and also improve productivity.
The chief objective of the Skill India Mission is to supply market-relevant skills training to quite 40 crore children within the country by the year 2022. The mission intends to make opportunities and space for the event of talents in Indian youth. It aims to develop those sectors which are anesthetize skill development for the last a few years , and also to acknowledge new sectors for skill development Other objectives are
• Reducing poverty within the country.
• Increasing the competitiveness of Indian businesses.
• Ensuring that skill training imparted has relevancy and of quality.
• Preparing Indians to require on the planet manpower/resources market.
• Diversifying the prevailing skill development programmes to satisfy today’s challenges.
• Building actual competencies instead of giving people mere qualifications.
• Offering opportunities for lifelong learning for developing skills.
• Augmenting better and active engagement of social partners and building a robust public-private partnership in skill development.
New domains also will be emphasised on like land , transportation, construction, gem industry, textiles, banking, jewellery designing, tourism, and other sectors where the extent of skill is insufficient .
Training imparted would be of international standards in order that India’s youth get jobs not only in India but also abroad where there’s demand. a crucial feature is that the creation of a replacement hallmark ‘Rural India Skill’. Why India needs Skill Development?
In the words of the Mahatma,“The brain must be educated through the hand. The craft can’t be separated from education.”
A. Demographic Dividend
Demographic dividend doesn’t mean just people; it means skilled, educated or employed people.
The ‘demographic window’ is merely a span of few decades. The skilled youth is required to save lots of demographic dividend from becoming demographic disaster. it’s worth mentioning here that India has 54 per cent of its total population below 25 years aged . Over subsequent 20 years, the labour force within the industrialised world is predicted to say no by 4 per cent, while in India it’ll increase by 32 per cent who aren’t sufficiently skilled and employable
B. Sectoral mobilization
Less number of individuals are going to be required to figure in farming as productivity improves. this is able to end in sectoral mobilization of workforce from agriculture to secondary and tertiary activities.
Skills are the bridge between good jobs and therefore the workforce .Setting standards and quality of coaching may be a pre requisite for skilling and its utilization.
C. New schemes
Only a talented workforce would cause the success of initiatives like Make in India and Digital India and smart cities.
D. Skill Capital of World
, Better Employment
Skill availability and accessibility to avenues for successful ventures can enhance the livelihoods of the many .
Issues in its Implementation
• The targets allocated to them were very high and without reference to any sectoral requirement. • No evaluation was conducted of PMKVY 2015 (the first version of the scheme) to seek out out the outcomes of the scheme and whether it had been serving the dual purpose of providing employment to youth and meeting the skill needs of the industry before launching such an ambitious scheme.
• the main target of PMKVY has been largely on the short-term skill courses, leading to low placements. There has been an over emphasis on this scheme and hence it’s seen because the answer to all or any skill-related issues.
• The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) have acknowledged flaws within the design and operations of the NSDC and National Skill Development Fund which has resulted in falling in need of skill development goals. Majority of them also couldn’t achieve the location targets for the trained persons.
• The Sharada Prasad Committee, held the NSDC liable for poor implementation of the quality Training Assessment and Reward (STAR) programme. It highlighted that only 8.5 per cent of the persons trained were ready to get employment. that’s what has been claimed by NSDC.
• the govt report has found fault with the STAR scheme on several counts. STAR offered school dropouts financial incentives to accumulate new skills, but the report said that “of those that got their results, only 24% have received certificates and fewer than 18% have received monetary rewards. this is often despite the very fact that 80% candidates reported having bank accounts, and 91.3% stated that they had Aadhaar numbers”.
• The Report also cites “serious conflict of interests” within the functioning of the National Skill Development Corporation.
• NSDC has not been ready to discharge its responsibilities for fixing sector skill councils (SSCs) due to many instances of great conflict of interest and unethical practices.
• Another concern that arose was that the targets allocated to them were very high and without reference to any sectoral requirement.
• There are apprehensions on what percentage of the 11.7 million trained within the past two years are really inThere may be a solution for each Problem
It is a path that must be treading carefully because it involves the longer term of our youth. Steps needed are:
• we’d like to possess a holistic approach to vocational training and skill development by having an outlined approach for both short-term and long-term training courses to satisfy the objectives of the Skill India programme.
• Merely sharing with the international expert or simply importing overseas concepts followed in developed nation might not fetch us with any desired goal, but a transparent understanding of trends in economy , demographic parameters, heritage, culture and tradition(region-wise) and aspiration of individuals and other relevant indicators are essential before correlating an equivalent for formulating new skilling strategies.
• More and more Indian Skill Development Services officers are to be recruited to figure within the frontline administration, rather than engaging other services officers who don’t possess the technical expertise vis-à-vis industry experience to supervise the skill development process within the country. ISDS service must be extended to the State’s training directorates also.
• Establishing a Skill Development University to supply specialized degree programs which can provide advance skills.
• Online learning system might be utilized to impart skill/craft along side using fixed infrastructure. An open platform for e-content on skill development should be created where content are often crowd source
• it’s important to vocationalize the present education system by developing curricula within the lines with industry needs, creating infrastructure for skill training, involving the industry altogether aspects of curricula development, training delivery, student assessments and creating a model where students can obtain skills and at an equivalent time get a degree.
• Skills on Wheel type initiatives might be wont to address infrastructure and transport constraints. There are shining samples of Skill Trucks operated in Brazil that take skills training to the agricultural , remote parts of the country.
• There should be increasing role of industry altogether aspects of vocational education – providing latest machinery for training, governance, providing trainers from industry and doing assessment to make sure quality at each stage. Industry should emphasize on formal vocational education and certification at the time of hiring and for career advancement.
Skill development alone isn’t sufficient to deal with the unemployment problem; there’s need for availability of job opportunities for those skills. it’s not the time to supply people with skill training certificates; rather we’d like to supply people that are literally employable. For the people with skill certificates the industry must provides a premium and preference thereto certificate while hiring.
If industry doesn’t show traction towards this the whole ecosystem won’t be complete. we’d like to bring industries to the forefront of skill development instead of creating centres of skill development across India.
For any skill development effort to succeed, markets and industry got to play an outsized role in determining courses, curriculum and relevance. For this, employers got to be put within the driving seat, with the govt acting as a regulator and not the implementer.
SUB SCHEMES thereunder
Skill India is an umbrella mission under which there are multiple schemes and programmes with specialised focus areas. The sub-schemes are as follows:
National Skill Development Mission (NSDM)
The NSDM was launched for creating convergence across various sectors and different states with reference to activities concerning skills training. The mission, aside from consolidating and coordinating skilling efforts, would also facilitate deciding across sectors to realize quality skilling on an outsized scale.
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
The scheme contains many specialised components like the National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF), Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL), Kaushal, and Rozgar Melas among others.
Indian Skill Development Service
it’s a gaggle ‘A’ service and is predicted to offer an enormous push to the government’s skilling initiatives by drastically enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of the varied schemes during this domain. The qualifying exam for this service is that the Indian Engineering Service Exam conducted by the UPSC. the thought behind the ISDS is to draw in young and talented people into the skill development domain and make skilling initiatives successful within the country.
Skill Loan Scheme
Under this scheme, loans starting from Rs.5000 to Rs. 1.5 lakhs are going to be provided for those seeking to attend skill development programmes. the thought behind the scheme is to get rid of financial hurdles for people that want to upgrade their skills and learn new skills.