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Rising Delhi’s pollution – causes, measures under GRAP

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It was when lockdown measures were fully followed, people appeared to get some respite from theair pollution of Delhi. However, now that it’s almost come to the traditional state, air quality in Delhi is deteriorating at a really fast pace. To mitigate the rising condition, Delhi government has recently announced some strict measures under the GRAP (Graded Response Action Plan). a number of the foremost important measures are –

• On 15th October, Diesel generator sets was banned in Delhi and NCR regions. There was exception only in emergency and essential services.

• “Red Light on, Gaadi off” campaign was started by Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal urging people to show off engines while waiting at traffic signals.

• Pollution control authorities to start night patrolling – checking for dust and industrial emissions.

• Mechanical sweeping, frequent sprinkling of water on roads are directed.

Why Delhi is one of the foremost polluted city in the world?

One of the most reason why people in Delhi and NCR regions get to breathe the worst air possible is that farmers of its surrounding States burn great deal of rice stubbles after their harvest season. Around 35 million tonnes of it are burnt per annum . This smoke are carried to urge mixed with the dust and smoke released from the ever increasing number of vehicles. thanks to the stagnant wind during winter this ‘smog’ are stuck and can’t shake this dark city. Overpopulation and burning firecrackers during the festive season also are cited together of the most reasons.

GRAP and way forward

GRAP are institutionalized measures to be taken when air quality deteriorates. It’s not a full governmental program that must work for a full year. it’s to figure only as an emergency measure. The plans are incremental in nature. pollution during the winter season is likely to extend so do the plans and policies under GRAP. There are many actions under GRAP consistent with the severity of the air quality index. Suppose if air quality reaches the ‘Severe +’ stage, the responses under GRAP are – shutting down schools, odd-even road-space rationing scheme. If we’d to require three major policy changes taken by GRAP and EPCA (Environment Pollution (Prevention & Control) Authority, it’d be – first, the closure of the thermal power station at Badarpur, bringing BS-VI fuel to Delhi, ban on pet coke as a fuel. because it is probably going that the condition will further deteriorate during the winter season, the Delhi govt will be got to take strict actions and measures with as effective implementation. We can’t depend upon situations like coronavirus pandemic for increasing the standard of air. Permanent policies and solutions got to be made, policies under GRAP need to be made permanent and pollution awareness amongst the general public during the festive season is of great importance.

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