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Remembering ‘Father of Indian Nuclear Programme’ on his Birth Anniversary

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Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha was the principal architect of India’s atomic energy program and a stalwart of research projects in India, he laid the inspiration of several iconic institutions. Homi Bhabha was one of the foremost prominent scientists that India has ever had. Let’s read more about him on his Birth Anniversary.

Early Years

• Homi Jehangir Bhabha was born on 30 October 1909 to a wealthy Parsi family in Mumbai. His father was Jehangir Hormusji Bhabha, a lawyer and his mother were Mehran.

• At the age of 18, he was sent abroad and therefore the young Homi joined Cambridge University to review engineering in accordance together with his father’s and uncle Dorab Tata’s wish.

• He pursued a degree in engineering as per the needs of his family, then acquired a degree in mathematics too. He studied under mathematician Paul Dirac. He was an excellent student and won many scholarships.

• But his family had other plans for him in their mind, his father and uncle had planned that he would return to India after studying in England

His love for atomic physics and his strong interest in therein subject made him extend his occupy Cambridge to finish another degree within the field.

His works and achievements

• afterward , he went on to receive a doctorate in atomic physics after his first scientific paper, ‘The Absorption of Cosmic Radiation’ ‘Bhabha scattering’, supported another one among his papers that explained electron-positron scattering, was named after him Thereafter Homi Bhabha returned to India.

• In 1939, he came to India for a quick holiday in India and was unable to travel back as war II had started. On the request of physicist and Nobelist CV Raman, the then-director of the Indian Institute of Science (IISC), Bangalore, he joined the institute as a reader in physics.

• At the IISC, he established the ionizing radiation Research Unit. He also played an enormous role in the establishment of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Mumbai. Bhabha convinced the then Prime Minister Nehru to start out a nuclear program.

• He started research on nuclear weapons in 1944. He found out the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in 1945 and also the nuclear energy Commission in 1948. He was the primary chairman of the Commission.

• Bhabha represented India in IAEA and in 1955, was also the President of the United Nations Conference on the Peaceful Uses of nuclear energy in Geneva. He was an aggressive promoter of nuclear weapons for the country’s defense.

• Bhabha was instrumental in devising the strategy behind the country’s nuclear programme. He pioneered the utilization of thorium to extract uranium from it instead of counting on the meagre reserves of uranium in India. He formulated India’s three-stage atomic power programme.

Death and Legacy

• Homi Bhabha died during a plane crash near Mont Blanc within the Swiss Alps while on his thanks to Vienna for a gathering on 24 January 1966. He was 56 years old. Several theories are proposed for the air crash, including a conspiracy theory claiming that the Central intelligence (CIA) was involved so as to paralyze India’s nuclear program — but none are proven.

• Various institutes are named after this eminent physicist like the Homi Bhabha National Institute, the Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education and therefore the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC). BARC (formerly referred to as the nuclear energy Establishment) is India’s leading nuclear research center located in Bombay.

• In 1954, he was conferred with the Padma Bhushan award for outstanding contributions to nuclear science. Homi Bhabha was also felicitated with the Adams Prize (1942) and therefore the Fellow of the Royal Society .

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