Martin Luther King, Jr., is understood for his contributions to the American civil rights movement within the 1960s. His most famous work is his “I Have a Dream” (1963) speech, during which he spoke of his dream of a us that’s barren of segregation and racism. King won the Nobel Peace Prize on 14 October1964, among several other honors. He continues to be remembered together of the foremost influential and inspirational African-American leaders in history. Read more about King Jr. below.
Martin Luther King Jr.
• Luther King, Jr. was born on 15th Jan, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. He was the son of a Baptist minister and his name was Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin.
• In 1954, Luther King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. kind within the nation.
Influenced by Mohandas Gandhi, he advocated nonviolent direct action to segregation .
• King’s struggle continued throughout the 1960s. Often, it seemed as if the pattern of progress was two progress and one step back. In late 1960s, King openly criticized U.S. involvement in Vietnam and turned his efforts to winning economic equality for poorer Americans. By that point , the civil rights movement had begun to fracture, with activists like Stokely Carmichael rejecting King’s vision of nonviolent integration in favor of African American self-reliance and self-defence.
• a strong orator, he appealed to Christian and American ideals and won growing support from the federal and Northern whites. In 1963, he led his massive advance Washington, during which he delivered his famous “I Have a Dream” address.
• When King was planning a national occupation of Washington, D.C., to be called the Poor People’s Campaign, he was assassinated on April 4 in Tennessee by James Earl Ray. He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and therefore the Congressional trophy . Luther King Jr. Day was established as a vacation in cities and states throughout the us beginning in 1971.
When and why he received the Nobel Peace Prize?
On Oct. 14, 1964, Dr. Luther King, Jr. won the Nobel Peace Prize. Luther King Jr. is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his passive resistance to racial prejudice in America. At 35 years aged , the Georgia-born minister was the youngest person ever to receive the award. The King accepted the award on December 10, 1964 in Oslo, Norway on behalf of the Civil Rights movement and pledged the prize to the movement’s continued development.