The Wildlife Week is widely known everywhere the country per annum between Friday (2nd of October) and Thursday (8th of October). Throughout the week events and campaigns are organized to show people about animal life and encourage them save sizable amount of animals by not killing them for food and other purposes. it’s due to animal population in forest and other areas the environmental balance is preserved in nature.
The week was first celebrated in 1972. The event is organized by National Board of Wildlife since its establishment in 1972 with the good vision of saving the lifetime of the Indian animals by taking some critical steps. It involves the design to save lots of animal extinction of any species of the India.
National Board of Wildlife
• NBWL advises the govt on policy and strategy for wildlife conservation.
• It also reviews proposals for non-forestry use of forestland within National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries and issue or deny permissions.
• The NBWL is chaired by the Prime Minister.It also comprises of a committee headed by Union Environment Minister.
• The Wildlife Protection Act,1972 specifies that the committee should comprise of 10 eminent ecologists and five NGOs.The committee considers the merits of projects that come thereto for scrutiny.
Objectives of Wildlife Week
• to form people more conscious of the conservation and protection of the wild life.
• to debate all the problems associated with the preservation of the wild life.
The Indian landmass is home to an outsized sort of flora and fauna. India has an amazingly big variety of wildlife animals and birds that sleep in the various terrain of the country. The Western Ghats, the Eastern Himalayas and Indo-Burma region are the three of the 34 most biodiversity rich spots within the world. consistent with a study, India is one among the 17 countries that host about 60 to 70 per cent of the world’s biodiversity. However, thanks to irresponsible interference of humans with the ecosystem has resulted within the loss and extinction of the many species. Due man’s interference with nature and therefore the threats that have risen out of this, conservation of those biodiversity rich spots and their wildlife in India became important. thanks to this, national parks and wildlife reserves have come up in several parts of the country where a healthy interaction of humans and wildlife is inspired . India, today, has as many as 15 biosphere reserves for the conservation of endemic and species , out of which four are a part of the planet Network of Biosphere Reserves.
Wildlife in North India
The vegetation in North India is especially deciduous and coniferous and hosts a good sort of wildlife. The North Indian region hosts about 500 species of mammals, 2000 sorts of birds and 30,000 sorts of insects, besides being home to a good range of fish, amphibians and reptiles. The wildlife of North India includes animals like the elephants, tigers, leopards, snow leopards, chital, fox, Tibetan Sand Fox, rhesus , langurs, jungle cats, hyenas, jackals etc.
North India too has its share of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. a number of the foremost popular sanctuaries of North India are the Corbett park in Uttarakhand, Dachigam park in Jammu and Kashmir, Great Himalayan park in Himachal Pradesh, Dudhwa park in Uttar Pradesh etc. The Corbett park in Uttarakhand is India’s first park and was established in 1936. The park, which was declared a tiger reserve under Project Tiger in 1973, acts as a conservation ground for the endangered Royal Bengal tiger . Nestled within the foothills of the Himalayas, the Corbett park is a crucial eco-tourism destination and is one among the few places within the country where you’ll view wildlife in India in its full splendour.
Wildlife in South India
The Southern a part of India is one among the richest parts of the country in terms of flora and fauna. The Nilgiri biosphere is one among the foremost important conservations regions within the country. The Western and therefore the Eastern Ghats are rich reserves of wildlife and are important conservation areas too. a number of the important of the important national parks and wildlife sanctuaries of South India are the Mudumalai park in Tamil Nadu , Bandipur park in Karnataka, Parambikulam park in Kerala, the Silent Valley park in Kerala, the Wayanad park in Kerala and therefore the Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary situated within the Western Ghats.
Some of the foremost important tiger reserves also are located during this a part of the country and include the Periyar park and therefore the Nagarjunasagar Wildlife Sanctuary. The Periyar park and Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in Kerala and is best known for its elephants. it’s home to about 62 different sorts of mammals, 320 sorts of birds, 45 species of reptiles, 160 sorts of butterflies etc. a number of the opposite fauna that you simply can spot at the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary are caecilians, salmon, trout, mouse deers, barking deers and Nilgiri tahir. This park may be a prime example of the range of wildlife in India.
Wildlife in Central India
Due to its diverse terrain, Central India may be a huge reservoir of flora and fauna. Central India has about 35 wildlife sanctuaries dedicated to the conservation of endemic and species . A visit to Central India will offer you the chance to urge a snapshot of the range of wildlife in India.
Some of the favored wildlife sanctuaries in Central India are the Kanha park , Bandhavgarh park , Madhav park , Sanjay park , Indravati park , Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Bori Wildlife Sanctuary, Pachmarhi Wildlife Sanctuary etc. The Kanha park is situated in Madhya Pradesh and is one among the foremost popular wildlife sanctuaries within the country. cover a neighborhood of 940 sq. km, the park is home to a big population of Royal Bengal Tigers, leopards, sloth bears, Barasingha and Indian wild dogs.
Bandhavgarh Park , also located in Madhya Pradesh, is another popular wildlife sanctuary that’s known for its large biodiversity. The Bandhavgarh park has the very best tiger population among all other sanctuaries within the country. it’s important on our part to know and respect the balance of nature and interact responsibly with these ecologically sensitive areas.