The notification came following a directive from the National Green Tribunal after a petition was filed by Rajendra Tyagi and Friends (NGO), seeking to form water wastage and misuse a punishable offence within the country. Section 15 of the Environment (Protection) Act deals with the penalty just in case of contravention or if anyone fails to suits any orders or directions issued under the act.
Development Authority, Panchayat or the other body shall be duty-bound to make sure that there’s no waste or misuse of potable water tapped from underground and evolve a compliance mechanism, with coercive measures for violations. The notification further states that nobody within the country shall waste or misuse potable water resources tapped from underground.
Failure to suits the notification are going to be punishable with imprisonment for a term which can reach five years or with a fine which can reach Rs 1 lakh, or with both. just in case the failure or contravention continues, a further fine are often slapped, which can reach Rs 5,000 for each day during which such failure or contravention continues after the conviction for the primary such failure or contravention, under Section 15 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. With over 25 per cent decrease in per capita water availability expected by 2025, the Centre has also written to all or any states to evolve and implement mechanisms with coercive measures, including penalty, for wasting groundwater. The NGT had directed the Union Jal Shakti ministry that regulators should make sure that wastage of water isn’t profitable and therefore the cost of such wastage is recovered.
As per the report of the National Commission on Integrated Water Resources Development, the entire water availability of India received through precipitation is about 4000 billion cubic metres (BCM) once a year and after evaporation, 1869 BCM water is out there as natural runoff, to topographical and other factors, the utilizable water availability is restricted to water only 1122 BCM. consistent with estimates, the typical annual per capita availability between 2011 and 2025 has reduced by over 25 per cent and would further reduce to 36 per cent by 2035.