It aims to boost awareness about the importance of shipping safety, maritime security, and therefore the marine environment and also to mark the importance of the aspect of the International Maritime Organisation’s work.
History of the planet Maritime Day
World Maritime Day was initiated by the United Nations (UN) by resolution IMCO/C XXXVIII/21, through the International Maritime Organization (IMO). it had been observed for the primary time on 17 March 1978. The day is observed to mark when the IMO Convention entered into force within the year 1958. The date of an occasion organized varies from country to country and year by year but it’s always observed within the last week of September.
Theme 2020: “Sustainable shipping for a sustainable planet”
This theme is to specialise in providing a chance to boost awareness of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and also showcases the work that IMO and its Member States are undertaking to realize the targets. The theme aims to supply flexibility to IMO and its Member States to spotlight the myriad topics and challenges in fulfilling the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. It also provides many opportunities to spotlight the many contributions of shipping. It showcases the IMO for building that sustainable future. IMO aims to reflect the work done by IMO and therefore the necessary steps that are further planned towards a sustainable future.
IMO towards Sustainable Future
The IMO regulatory framework has started the transition within the shipping industry towards a sustainable future. The organization has adopted to develop measures to implement the Ballast Water Management Convention, meet the challenges of the digitalization of shipping, cut greenhouse emission emissions (GHG), reduce marine litter, improve the efficiency of shipping through the electronic exchange of data , reduce the sulphur content of ships’ heating oil , protect the polar regions, and enhance women’s participation within the maritime community.
The move is in line with the approach laid call at the IMO Secretariat’s SDGs Strategy. It also works to influence untapped opportunities of technologies, new partnerships, and finance for the longer term advantage of the shipping industry and humankind.
UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
The Agenda calls all the countries for action to eradicate poverty and achieve sustainable development by the top of 2030. The SDGs are opportunities to rework the planet for the higher and leave nobody behind. SDG 14 is central to IMO, aspects of the Organization’s work are often linked to all or any individual SDGs. As a part of the UN, IMO is actively working towards achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and therefore the associated SDGs. Also, most of the weather of the 2030 Agenda are going to be realized only with a sustainable transport sector supporting world trade and facilitating the worldwide economy.
International Maritime Organization (IMO):
• Formed on: 17 March 1948
• Headquarters: London, uk
• Secretary-General: Kitack Lim
• Parent organization: United Nations
• Economic and Social Council (UNESC)
it’s responsible to manage shipping. The IMO also focuses on several areas like safety, maritime security, environmental concerns, legal matters, technical co-operation, and therefore the efficiency of shipping.
National Maritime Day in India
• India joined the IMO in 1959.
• Recently, India’s acceded to the Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships a.k.a Hong Kong Convention, which can help in providing a lift to the ship- recycling industry in India.
• Hong Kong Convention 2009 isn’t yet effective .
• However, India’s participation within the IMO to advance its national interests has been woefully inadequate.
According to the UN, the COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the professionalism and sacrifice of the 2 million seafarers who save the world’s merchant fleet. quite 80% of the planet trade, shipping has continued to move like vital medical supplies, food, and other basic goods that are critical for COVID-10 response and recovery.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, many thousands of seafarers face a humanitarian crisis as they’re unable to urge off the ships they operate with contracts extended by several months. Therefore, it’s important to be addressed urgently.
The 2,312-kilometer-long submarine optical fiber cable from Chennai to Andaman and Nicobar Islands, laid at a price of Rs 1,224 crore, will provide “better and cheaper connectivity”.
Women in the Maritime Industry
• consistent with the UN, women represent only 2% of world’s total seafarers. However, 94% of girls seafarers are working within the cruise industry. 1.2 million sea-farers and 94 per cent of female seafarers are working within the cruise industry.
• IMO has launched several initiatives to form maritime industry women-friendly.
• IMO encourages its member states to empower women seafarers to coach alongside men in their maritime institutes.
• IMO started its gender equality programme in 1988 to bring gender equality within the maritime industry.
World Maritime Day
• Shipping drives the world’s economy as 90% of all goods are transported by ship.
• Shipping is safer and more environmentally friendly.
• The “nautical mile” is employed because the unit of measurement by all countries for air and sea navigation.
• The world’s largest container ships can carry a staggering amount of products .
• Ocean freight is extremely cost-effective to move huge volumes of products by sea.
• World’s largest container ships cost over $200 million to construct. Luxury cruise ships cost quite $1.4 billion.
• on the average , a container ship travels a distance like 75% of the thanks to the moon and back during a single year.
• consistent with Lloyd’s List Intelligence, Panama still has the world’s biggest registry of vessels.
• A 30 year veteran of the maritime industry Captain Serena Melani are going to be the primary female captain within the cruise industry’s history during a newly-built cruise liner when in February 2020 body of water Splendour will do its debut.