International Translation Day is widely known on the feast of St. Jerome, the Bible Translator who is understood because the defender of the translators. consistent with UN, it plays a crucial role in bringing nations together, contributing to development and strengthening world peace and security. today provides an excellent opportunity to spotlight the important work of translators, interpreters et al. within the language industry .
History of International Translation Day
The International Federation of Translators (FIT) was found out in 1953. within the year 1991 FIT launched the thought of celebrating International Translation Day for the popularity of the interpretation community worldwide.
Several other organizations advocating the resolution are International Association of Conference Interpreters, International Association of Professional Translators and Interpreters, Red T, World Association of signing Interpreters.
Significance of International Translation Day
The significance of International Translation Day is to acknowledge the role of professional translation in nations connecting to every other. The day is dedicated to display solidarity of the interpretation community worldwide. this is often an attempt to market the profession of translation in several countries and not necessarily in Christian countries only. Translation may be a profession that’s becoming an important need of the instant within the progressive globalization era. The role of translators is extremely important in connecting different nations and fostering peace, development and understanding level.
According to the UNESCO, cultural heritage as mentioned during this year’s theme doesn’t end with “monuments and collections of objects”. It includes intangible cultural heritage like knowledge, beliefs, and practices concerning people, nature and our relationships with the universe. This not only helps in intercultural participation but also encourages mutual respect for other ways of life
Despite the Covid-19 crisis, FIT is focussed to spotlight the importance of translators, interpreters and terminologists in managing the situations on Celsius scale , National scale also as on local scale. Translation professionals are most vital to form sure the flow of data between different language groups and this is often the rationale the theme of the 2020edition India
Languages spoken in India belong to many language families, the main ones being the Indo-Aryan languages spoken by 78.05% of Indians and therefore the Dravidian languages spoken by 19.64% of Indians. Languages spoken by the remaining 2.31% of the population belong to the Austroasiatic, Sino-Tibetan, Tai-Kadai and a couple of other minor language families and isolates.
There are 23 official Indian languages: Assamese, Bangla, Bodo, Dogri, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Kashmiri, Kannada, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Santali, Sanskrit, Sindhi, and Urdu. Article 343 of the Indian constitution stated that the official language of the Union is Hindi in Devanagari rather than the extant English. The Official Languages Act, 1963, allowed for the continuation of English alongside Hindi within the Indian government indefinitely until legislation decides to vary it.
Facts on International Translation Day
• The Universal Declaration of Human Rights holds the Guinness record because the most translated document. It exists in additional than 500 languages.
• The United Nations is one among the world’s largest employers of language professionals.
• Tamil is that the oldest Indian language
• Bible is that the world’s most translated book
• Christie is that the most translated individual author
• U. R Ananthamurthy is that the most translated Indian author
• The speech is interpreted simultaneously into the opposite official languages of the UN.
• Every United Nations document is reviewed by an editor before it’s translated and issued.
• As per UNESCO about 40 percent of the 6700 languages spoken round the world are in peril of disappearing.
• There are about 7,100 living languages within the world today, among which roughly 6,500 are spoken languages. Approximately 2,000 of these languages have fewer than 1,000 speakers.
The most popular language within the world is Mandarin with 1,213,000,000 speakers within the world.
• English is that the commonest official language, with recognized status in 51 countries. Arabic, French, and Spanish also are widely known .
• Arabic is that the official (or co-official) language in 22 countries, making it the 5th most speech within the world.