This treaty may be a water-distribution treaty between the 2 countries on sharing the waters of the Indus and its tributaries signed by then Indian Prime Minister Gandhi and Pakistani President, Mohammad Ayub Khan. The deal was brokered by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (which later became the planet Bank). this is often a crucial event in post-independent India.
History of Indus Water Treaty
• The rivers of the Indus Basin originate in Tibet and therefore the Himalayas in Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. • During the partition of the country, conflicts arose on the way to share the bountiful waters of the Indus basin. The source of all the rivers lay in India while Pakistan was hooked in to these waters as its chief source of water for irrigation.
• But this was a short lived arrangement and there have been negotiations for a more lasting solution to the matter . Pakistan was wary of India’s geographical dominance during this aspect because the source of all the rivers lay within India. Alarmed at the prospect of drought and other disasters, Pakistan hoped to require the interest the International Court of Justice. India, however, contended that the matter was a bilateral issue and will be resolved accordingly.
• Eventually, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development was ready to broker an agreement which came to be referred to as the Indus Waters Treaty. This was signed by the Indian Prime Minister Pundit Nehru and therefore the Pakistani President Ayub Khan.
A Short Synopsis of Indus Water Treaty
• As per this treaty, the eastern rivers Sutlej, Beas and Ravi are controlled by India; and therefore the western rivers Indus, Chenab and Jhelum are governed by Pakistan. meaning India has unrestricted usage rights over the eastern rivers.
• When the treaty was signed, India was to provide water to Pakistan from the eastern rivers for ten years until Pakistan built a canal system for using the waters of the Indus, Jhelum and Chenab.
• A Permanent Indus Commission was also found out to manage the treaty and to resolve any issues. An arbitration mechanism was found out to unravel disputes amicably.
• The Indian government stated that each one water flowing into Pakistan at the present , within the three eastern rivers, are going to be diverted to Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan for various uses.