• Situated along the western coastline of India, Karnataka is that the sixth-largest state within the country by area, and eighth-largest with a population of over 60 million people. The state has 30 districts.
• Kannada is that the official and extensively speech of this state.
• The capital of Karnataka is Bengaluru and is understood because the Silicon Valley of India, thanks to it being the hub of the IT industry within the country.
• The state forms a neighborhood of the Deccan Plateau. It shares its borders with the Arabian Sea within the west, Maharashtra within the north, Kerala within the southwest, Goa within the northwest, Tamil Nadu to the southeast and Andhra Pradesh to the east.
• the 2 river systems during this state are Krishna on the north and Kaveri within the south. Several etymologies are suggested for naming this state. However, the state derives its name from the 2 words Karu and Naru meaning ‘elevated land’.
• Karnataka also has the fourth-largest economy within the country, with a contribution of over Rs 15 lakh crore to gross domestic product (GDP) of India. It also holds the highest rank in producing raw silk, coffee, and sandalwood oriented goods.
• The state hosts a number of the foremost beautiful holiday destinations like Coorg, also referred to as the Scotland of India, and Chikmagalur, that creates Karnataka the very best producer of coffee in India. The state also boasts of its royal history with former capital Mysore (renamed as Mysuru).
• There are many monuments of historical importance which will take you thru centuries of the rule of varied dynasties from the Kadamba dynasty to the Hoysalas and Cholas, all the way right down to the Wodeyars and therefore the Nizams.
Brief History and Significance
The state of ‘Mysore’ was formed on All Saints’ Day , 1956, by an amalgamation of all Kannada speaking districts across South India, comprising areas of the erstwhile princely state of Mysore, Kannada-speaking areas of the Bombay and Madras presidencies, also because the principality of Hyderabad. However, it had been reorganised as Karnataka on All Saints’ Day , 1973, with Devraj Arasu because the Chief Minister.
How Karnataka was formed?
• The movement for the unification of Karnataka began within the late 19th century, with the formation of the Karnataka Vidyavardhaka Sangha in Dharwad in 1890 by RH Deshpande. A Kannada Sabha was found out in 1916 to figure towards the unification, and it had been renamed the Kannada Ekikarana Sangha in 1936.
• The Ekikarana movement got a lift with the organization of the Kannada Sahitya Parishat in Bangalore in 1915. Dharwad continued to be the epicentre of the movement for a united Karnataka. When Congress passed a resolution in 1928 to formulate a constitution for India, signatures of individuals were taken who demanded that each one of the Kannada-speaking regions is merged into one state.
• Elsewhere within the state, the Mysore kingdom functioned from 1881 when the erstwhile Maharaja Sri Chamarajendra Wadiyar assumed powers of the state and therefore the order for the primary representative assembly was issued on August 25, 1881. The assembly met for the primary time on October 7 that year.
• The legislature of non-official members with “practical experience and knowledge of local conditions and requirements to help Government in making Laws and Regulations” was established by the erstwhile Mysore kingdom. The Council also included the Dewan and therefore the President of the Council. By 1923 the council had 50 members.
• When the British granted independence to the Indian sub-continent the Mysore king acceded to the Indian union. the primary Assembly under the Indian Constitution was formed in 1952 and had 99 elected members and one nominated member. With the formation of Andhra State in 1953, parts or adjoining Bellary District from Madras State were added to Mysore State and therefore the Strength of the Assembly increased by five members.
• The Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee decided to carry its special executive board meeting at a government building in Hubli on April 19, 1953. Around 25,000 people gathered at the government building, and therefore the Congress members had a tough time getting inside. Shankaragouda Patil of Adaragunchi village went on an indefinite fast. Someone burned a vehicle, and stones were pelted at the police, who then resorted to a lathi-charge.
• On All Saints’ Day, 1956, the state of Mysore was formed following linguistic re-organization. It included four districts from the previous Bombay state, three districts of Hyderabad state, a neighbourhood and taluk of the Old Madras state, the state of Coorg and therefore the princely state of Mysore.
• it had been only in 1973, under the chief ministership of Devaraj Urs that the state was renamed Karnataka.
• Although there was a requirement for the unification of all Kannada-speaking areas, there was opposition too, mostly from the Mysore region. The demand for unification within the 1950s and before came from the inequality that Kannada-speaking people faced in other administrative regions. They felt that their social-economic development was ignored in these regions due to their lack of numerical strength.
• However, it had been felt by some within the Mysore region that merging the Kannada-speaking regions would place strain on Mysore’s resources. There was also a fear among Vokkaligas – who are concentrated within the Mysore region – that they might be numerically outnumbered if all Kannada-speaking areas were united.