• On 21st October 1943, Subhash found out the Provisional Government of Free India in Singapore. it had been also called Azad Hind or Free India. He promised independence to Indians saying, ‘tum mujhe khoon do, main tumhe Azadi dunga’ (You give me blood, i will be able to offer you freedom).
• This movement was spearheaded by Bose, who was called Netaji by the Azad Hind members. It meant to require sides with the Axis powers
(including Third Reich , Italy and Japan) so as to wrest India of British rule (who were a part of the Allied Forces during war II). The Indian National Army (INA) was the military of the Azad Hind government.
• In March 1944, the INA commenced its campaign with the battle cry of Subhash “Dilli Chalo” against Burma and therefore the columns of the military reached Kohima and laid siege of Imphal. The provisional Government of India was recognized by Japan, Germany, Italy, Croatia, Burma, Thailand, Taiwan , Philippines etc.
• Here, the japanese forces were driven back to Burma with heavy losses. INA also lost many men and material. There was another Battle of Kohima happening simultaneously during which the INA and Japanese forces unsuccessfully encircled Allied forces.
• But the fate changed soon after. Japan suffered the most important defeat during this a part of the planet . In May 1945, Rangoon was recaptured by British. On Transfiguration , 1945 and August 9, 1945, two atom bombs were dropped over Hiroshima and Nagasaki and within the next month, Japan surrendered.
• British were successful in defeating the INA and ousting the japanese from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and therefore the northeast. After this and Subhash Chandra Bose’s death in 1945 during a plane crash, the Azad Hind ceased to exist. Azad Hind was disestablished on 18 August 1945.
Some details of Azad Hind Fauj
• National Flag: Tricolour, with the Gandhian charka within the centre
• Motto: Itmad-Ittefaq-Kurbani (Urdu: Faith-Unity-Sacrifice)
• Slogan/ Greeting: Jai Hind
• INA Insignia: ‘Springing Tiger’ of Tipu Sultan, within the centre of the Tricolour
• Anthem: Sab Sukh Chain (simple Hindustani translation of the ‘Jana Gana Mana’)
• Language: Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu mixture in Roman script). Tamil and English were also utilized in official declarations.
• Bank: commercial bank of Azad Hind
• Military: Azad Hind Fauj. 45-50000 soldiers at its height. Three divisions (including the famed Gandhi, Nehru and Azad Brigades and therefore the Rani of Jhansi Regiment – all of whom saw action within the Burma and Imphal campaigns of 1944-45); five more divisions in various stages of designing and training.
• Gallantry medals: Sher-e-Hind, Sardar-e-Jung.